Confessions of a Former Member of r/niceguys
mental COMPLEXITIES continued
Anxiety: a fear caused by a source you cannot identify, or a source that does not cause as much risk as you think.
Anxiety Disorder: when the anxiety persists a long time and interferes with daily activities
Common anxiety signs and symptoms include:
Phobias: anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: and unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind is an obsession, and obsession can lead to a compulsion, the unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: a person has difficulty recovering after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event. After surviving a life threatening event.
The condition may last months or years, with triggers that can bring back memories of the trauma accompanied by intense emotional and physical reactions.
Symptoms may include nightmares or unwanted memories of the trauma, avoidance of situations that bring back memories of the trauma, heightened reactions, anxiety, or depressed mood.
Mood Disorder: when people experience extreme emotions that make it difficult t go through daily life.
Bipolar Disorder: an example of a mood disorder, also called manic depressive disorder, during a manic episode people might be very energetic and creative. The manic period is followed by a period of deep depression, a period where the person feel extremely sad and hopeless.
Schizophrenia: disturbance of thinking, mood, awareness, or behavior. Means "split mind", aspects of mind are separated from reality. Rarely harmful to others, the person may develop fears that are not supported by reality.
Impulse-control Disorders: cannot resit the impulse of drive to act in a way that is harmful to themselves or to others. Can lead to addiction.
Personality Disorders: rigid patterns of behavior that make is difficult for them to get along with others
Cluster A (Odd, bizarre, eccentric)
Cluster B (Dramatic, erratic)
Cluster C (Anxious, fearful)
Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder causing people to obsess about weight and what they eat.
Bulimia: A serious eating disorder marked by binging, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.
signs of clinical depression
People may experience:
Mood: anxiety, apathy, general discontent, guilt, hopelessness, loss of interest, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, mood swings, or sadness
Behavioral: agitation, excessive crying, irritability, restlessness, or social isolation
Sleep: early awakening, excess sleepiness, insomnia, or restless sleep
Whole body: excessive hunger, fatigue, or loss of appetite
Cognitive: lack of concentration, slowness in activity, or thoughts of suicide
Weight: weight gain or weight loss
Also common: poor appetite or repeatedly going over thoughts
Self-harm is a coping strategy, a maladaptive coping strategy
The intent is to relieve pain from thoughts and painful feelings
May be a symptom of mood disorder, anxiety disorder, or eating disorder
maladaptive vs healthy coping behavior
you are valuable and we all need you here, reality is incomplete without you
Talking to supportive friends or a counselor about how you feel is best
when a friend is talking about suicide
healthy coping mechanisms
finding community resources
Types of Mental Health Professionals
Psychiatrists: after medical school, doctors may get advanced training in treatment of mental health disorders to become a psychiatrists, they can diagnose a mental health disorder and prescribe medication if needed.
Neurologist: a physician who treats physical disorders or the nervous system.
Clinical Psychologist: trained to recognize and treat behavior that is not withing the range of normal human behavior. They have a doctoral degree and at least two years of practical training in clinics and hospitals.
Social Workers: listen to people and connect them to services
Psychiatric Social Worker: helps people with mental disorders and helps their families to accept and adjust to an illness.
Mental Health Counselors: some work on specific problems or work with specific groups of people. A substance abuse counselor works with people that have problems with alcohol abuse or other drugs. School counselors work with students. Youth counselors work with teenagers.
kinds of treatments
Some treatments are better for each situation, it depends on what the person needs, treatment options are psychotherapy, hospitalization, and medication.
Psychotherapy: The person talks to the therapist to help understand their experience.
Insight Therapy: helps people better understand their behavior to see if a
better understanding can lead to change in behavior.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: helps the person identify situations, objects,
or thoughts that trigger abnormal behaviors to
learn new ways to behave.
Group Therapy: people with with others that can relate to work on coping skills together.
Drug Therapy: medication can relieve symptoms and help the person feel balanced.
Hospitalization: staff helps the person be safe and looks out for self-harm or harm to others. There is constant access to mental health professionals. This can be a good option when being in the person's usual environment would not be safe at the time even though they are not a danger to themselves or others.
Example: the person forgets who they are or their school or work schedule. They may forget that they are a student and forget where they live, or may be struggling with paranoia. People usually recover from this.
Hospitalization is generally temporary, just a week or two.
Social workers can help people adapt to the transition back home.
emdr and cbt
Art activity: let's create some motivational posters