What you need to learn in this course
Reflect on alternatives to health risk behaviors in the areas related to:
(e.g., abstinence, condom use, other pregnancy prevention methods, selection of healthy food choices, “natural highs,” etc.);
How to analyze situations related to health crises and formulate solutions to intervene or prevent the crisis (i.e., a friend tells you he is thinking about suicide; a friend tells you he is smoking, a friend tells you she is pregnant, etc.)
Stages of Grief:
What we learn to do as we reach adulthood:
Protein, carbohydrates, and fat
Vitamins and minerals are micronutrients
mental wellness terms
Narcissist Personality Disorder:
Borderline personality disorder:
Histrionic Personality Disorder:
What Is Schizophrenia?
What Are Bipolar Disorders?
Practice Test QUestions
What is the number one most preventable cause of death in the United States?
A. drinking alcohol
B. smoking tobacco*
C. sexual activity
D. driving recklessly
A 25 year old male has been consuming enough alcohol to become intoxicated every day since the age of 13. What is the long term physical effect of this behavior?
C. hang over
A friend has recently been diagnosed with cancer and refuses to accept treatment. He says, “Nothing is wrong. I’m fine.” What stage of grief is he likely experiencing?
C. denial *
The five stages: denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance are a part of the framework that makes up our learning to live with the one we lost.
List the correct order of steps for decision making.
A. define the problem, list the possible options, decide and act, evaluate end result*
B. evaluate end result, list the possible options, rethink the problem, decide and act
C. define the problem, reevaluate the problem, think about answers, act
D. list possible options, decide on action, evaluate end result, act
Andrew’s friend Angela tells him that she is very depressed. What is the best way for Andrew to help her?
A. Andrew should keep it secret and hope the situation improves.
B. Andrew should give Angela his personal advice.
C. Andrew should change the subject as not to upset Angela.
D. Andrew should tell a trusted and knowledgeable adult like a counselor or a teacher. *
What is stress and how do we manage stress?
Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand or threat.
When you sense danger—whether it's real or imagined—the body's defenses kick into high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the “fight-or-flight/freeze” reaction or the "stress response."
The stress response is the body's way of protecting you.
What influences health behaviors (e.g., messages around sexual behavior, STI/HIV, condom use, exercise, nutrition, violence, alcohol, etc.)?
Compare and contrast how advances in technology positively or negatively impact personal, family, peer and community health (i.e., use of computers and television vs. physical activity time, effects on communication skills, access to medical care, etc.).
What are some consequences of risky and harmful behaviors on self and/or others in the areas related to sexuality; nutrition; alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; physical activity; personal safety; mental, social and emotional well-being?
It’s normal for you to feel worried about risky behavior like:
Know how to read a nutrition label
To figure out price per ounce of a product divide the cost by the ounces.
When one is raped by someone that they barely know it is called acquaintance rape, it usually happens when the victim is intoxicated and isolated, rape is an act of violence/ power and control.
How do we make decisions in this area?
What you do should be your decision.
We are influenced by movies, family, peers, religion, relationship partners...
When people have more information they are empowered to choose wisely.
There are some laws to take into consideration:
It is important to take risks and benefits into consideration to see what level of physical intimacy you are prepared for.
Risks of moving too fast:
Benefits could be:
You can feel empowered to make your own decision by not having sex too.
Choosing celibacy is safe and autonomous. You can still connect to your partner by getting to know them better and doing fun things together like going on a hike or visiting a museum.
A couple can have a close relationship without being sexually active through developing:
Nobody should judge you based on a number or slut shame/prude shame. What matters is that all that happens is truly your decision and you are safe. Many people look back and realize that some of their experiences were the result of coercion and manipulation.
Unfortunately, sexual coercion has become so normalized that we stopped being able to identify it as rape, coerced consent is not consent at all.
It can be difficult to explain coercion to someone who thinks that coercion is ok, they might deny what they did, perhaps only to get away with it and convince you that they did not know any better, perhaps because they don't want to see themselves as a rapist.
Rape, Sexual Assault
A rapist can be a person of any sex or gender.
For sex positive consent look at this checklist:
Consent is vital
No means No
Things rapists say
TO get you isolated (these are not always said with bad intent)
To justify rape/ coercion
If you want to leave them because they raped you
Why is it important to talk about this?
Rape culture a setting in which rape is pervasive and normalized due to societal attitudes about gender and sexuality. We are breaking away from this, the myth of being "stuck in our ways" has been dismantled, people are constantly evolving, evaluating, and changing. People can change themselves, when they want to.
Rape can happen to anyone, we do have some normalized phrases and attitudes that normalize the rape of women by men.
Examples of Rape Culture:
According to current statistics:
One in five women and one in 71 men will be raped at some point in their lives: https://www.nsvrc.org/statistics
Rape is under reported due to shame, lack of consequences, and retaliation for reporting on behalf of the rapist.
Some people think that other people are just there to use for sex and prefer to keep them around as "friends" so they can use them whenever they want, so many rapists keep victims around as friends.
Since rape is about power and control, the rapist makes sure that they have a sense of power and control over the victim before raping, it could be reminding a woman that men are stronger to make sure that the woman believes that they cannot fight their way out of rape.
One can fight their way out of rape, and also, should never have to.
Here are some examples of victim blaming lines:
Saying these things propagates abuse and helps abusers.
What an unhealthy relationship is like
Unhealthy relationships are based on power and control instead of love and respect. These are some unhealthy behaviors.
What a healthy relationship is like
A healthy relationship is an expression of mutual respect.
AFter you take all of that into consideration, you can reflect on safe sex
An important consideration is Sexually Transmitted Infections/ Diseases (STIs)
Kati Morton, licensed therapist, has a series of videos on Youtube
One can get an STI from oral sex, or from lesbian sex, the world needs better methods for safe sex in this area, you can invent a new device
Forms of Contraception
PrEP for HIV
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (or PrEP) is a way for people who do not have HIV but who are at very high risk of getting HIV to prevent HIV infection by taking a pill every day. The pill (brand name Truvada) contains two medicines (tenofovir and emtricitabine) that are used in combination with other medicines to treat HIV.
Who is PrEP recommended for?
The USPSTF recommends that the following persons be considered for PrEP:
1. Men who have sex with men, are sexually active, and have 1 of the following characteristics:
2. Heterosexually active women and men who have 1 of the following characteristics:
3. Persons who inject drugs and have 1 of the following characteristics:
Persons who engage in transactional sex, such as sex for money, drugs, or housing, including commercial sex workers or persons trafficked for sex work, constitute another group at high risk of HIV acquisition and should be considered for PrEP based on the criteria outlined above. Men who have sex with men and women are at risk of HIV acquisition and should be evaluated for PrEP according to the criteria outlined above for men who have sex with men and heterosexually active men.
Transgender women and men who are sexually active may be at increased risk of HIV acquisition and should be considered for PrEP based on the criteria outlined above. Transgender women are at especially high risk of HIV acquisition. The CDC estimates that approximately one-fourth of transgender women are living with HIV, and more than half (an estimated 56%) of black/African American transgender women are living with HIV.4 Although trials of PrEP enrolled few transgender women and no trials have been conducted among transgender men, PrEP has been shown to reduce the risk of HIV acquisition during receptive and insertive anal and vaginal sex. Therefore, its use may be considered in all persons (cisgender and transgender) at high risk of sexual acquisition of HIV.
More partners= higher risk
We have good reason to want to know people on a deeper level before we become more intimately involved
Safe LGBT Sex Information
WHy exercise is important
Exercise for 30 min to an hour 3 times per week. High energy exercise that make your heart rate rise.
There is strength training and there is cardio
Joint: a place of your body where two or more of your bones come together
Cartilage: tough supportive tissue that is more flexible than bone
Ossification: the process of replacing cartilage with bone
Marrow: fills the spaces in bones, there is red and yellow marrow, red bone marrow produces 100 billion blood cells each day, yellow marrow is in the hollow centers of long bones and stores fat
Ligaments: hold bones together
Osteoporosis: a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D.
Fracture: break in bone, simple fracture: bone broken in two, compound fracture: broken ends of the bone pierce the skin
Sprain: overstretched or torn ligament, treated with ice and stabilization, you are likely to have swelling but it can heal on its own
Dislocation: ends of the bone are forced out of their original position, to treat this the bone is put back in place and stabilized with cast or bandage
Torn Cartilage: serious damage to cartilage between bones, happens in knees often
Overuse Injuries: when an activity is performed too often and joint become stressed or inflamed.
Types of muscle
Smooth muscle: involuntary muscle that causes movements within your body, found in walls of esophagus to move food down and in walls of arteries
Cardiac muscle: involuntary muscle that is only in the heart
Skeletal muscles: muscles that control your activities
Don't take steroids
Muscles connect to nerves
Nervous system: receives information about what is going on inside and outside your body
Neuron: type of cell
Cell Body: the cell body controls the cell's basic functions
Myelin sheath: increases the speed of an impulse
Axon: impulses travel along axons to other cells
Dendrite: carry nerve impulses toward a neuron's cell body
Synapse: the junction between an axon and another cell
Components of nervous System
Cerebrum: 85 percent of the brain's weight
Cerebellum: coordinates body movement
Brain Stem: between cerebellum and spinal cord, midbrain, pons and medulla
Spinal Cord: a thick column of nerve tissue that links the brain to most of the nerves in the peripheral nervous system
Reflexes: automatic response to your environment
Peripheral Nervous System: carries information to the central nervous system from eyes, ear and sense organs
Sensory Division: carry information about your outside environment
Motor Division: carries responses back to your muscles and glands
Somatic nervous system: carry signals that control voluntary actions such as chewing food
Autonomic nervous system: regulates actions that happen automatically, like breathing and digestion
Concussion: bruise like injury
Contusion: swelling in brain
Coma: severe trauma, long period of unconsciousness
Paralysis: loss of ability to move
Traumatic brain injury (TBI): is a sudden injury that causes damage to the brain
Epilepsy and Seizures are Frequently Caused by a Traumatic Brain Injury.
injuries may be connected to meningitis
How we choose what we eat
Reading a food label
Click for FDA web page:
How to Understand and Use the Nutrition Facts Label
Eating a balanced diet with plenty of fiber is best for your digestive system
What is diabetes?
Of course, oxygen gets through masks
and Vaping is bad
5 or more drinks on a single occasion for men or 4 or more drinks on a single occasion for women, generally within about 2 hours.
What a drink means
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.