Nodes and internodes
Bud is the place for new growth, node is where leaves come out, internode is the stem between the leaves:
Some plants have aerial roots that come out of their nodes:
Parts of a flower
Next week we will go over this in more depth
Types of root structures
look like onions, they have an area for growth at the top and roots growing from the bottom. Examples of bulb plants: daffodils and tulips.
look like bulbs but they have growth from the bottom, it is called a basal plate.
Examples include: Gladiolus, crocus, and crocosmia
are horizontal underground stems which puts out lateral shoots, new plants grow from the root system. Examples: asparagus, ginger, irises, lily of the valley, cannas, turmeric, and sympodial orchids.
have eyes, they are a thickened underground part of a stem or rhizome that can grow at many points, we call those points eyes, the potato is a classic example, there are many flowers that have tubers including the cyclamen, caladium, dahlia, daylily, and peony.
Some plants reproduce by spreading stolons, strawberry is an example