Types of Fruit
Pome - most of the fruit is formed from the receptacle (under the flower) eg pear, apple
Drupe - has fleshy fruit and a single seed with a hard endocarp eg peaches, coconut and olives
Berry - has many seeds eg tomatoes, peppers and cucumber but not strawberries!
Aggregate fruit - develop from one flower with many pistils eg strawberries.
Legumes - split along two sides eg beans, peas
Capsules - are dry fruit that have several carpels eg orchids
Nuts - have one seed and a hard pericarp eg acorns
Grains - have the fruit and seed joined closely together eg wheat, rice, barley.
Multiple fruits - come from several different flowers joined together eg pineapples.
Our Garden Progress
Xylem and Phloem:
Xylem transports water and soluble mineral nutrients from roots to various parts of the plant. It is responsible for replacing water lost through transpiration and photosynthesis. Phloem translocates sugars made by photosynthetic areas of plants to storage organs like roots, tubers or bulbs.
Herbaceous Plant: Soft parts, no wood
Woody Plant: Can grow taller and longer
Annual: Lives one season
Perennial: Lives several years
These Hormones are Transported within the Plant
What do Pumpkins and Watermelon Have in Common?
They are both cucurbits: squash, pumpkin, zucchini, some gourds
The Cucurbitaceae, also called cucurbits and the gourd family, are a plant family consisting of about 965 species in around 95 genera.
Other Plant Families
Scientific name: Amaryllidaceae
Common name: Aamaryllis family
Onions, leeks, chives, garlic, shallots
Scientific name: Apiaceae
Common name: Carrot family
Carrot, parsnip, celery, fennel, parsley, celeriac
Scientific name: Asteraceae
Common name: Sunflower family
Endive, artichoke, lettuce, celtuce, sunflower, salsify, dandelion, chicory, radicchio
Scientific name: Brassicaceae
Common name: Mustard family
Broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collard, horseradish, kale, kohlrabi, radish, rutabaga, turnip, watercress
Scientific name: Chenopodiaceae
Common name: Goosefoot family
Beet, chard, spinach, amaranth, quinoa
Scientific name: Cucurbitaceae
Common name: Gourd family
Cucumber, melon, pumpkin, squash, watermelon, summer squash, zucchini, gourd
Scientific name: Fabaceae
Common name: Pea family
Bean, Peanut, Pea, lentil, soybean, alfalfa, cowpea
Scientific name: Pocaceae
Common name: Grass family
Corn, millet, rice, barley, wheat, rye, oats, sorghum
Scientific name: Polygonaceae
Common name: Knotweed family
Scientific name: Solanaceae
Common name: Nightshade family
Eggplant, pepper, potato, tomato, tomatillo, tobacco
Xylem and Phloem
Rose family (Rosaceae)
The Study of Insects
When we think about plants it is vital to also think about insects and their relationships with plants. Some insects eat plants while some eat the insects that eat plants.
As we learn how the different species coexist we can learn what environment to foster within our garden.
Some plants attract pollinators and can strengthen our gardening efforts.
Words have Etymology
The roots of a word, they tell us where that word comes from, most roots are in Greek or Latin
THe etymology of Entomology
ology- The study of
The word etymology derives from the Greek word ἐτυμολογία (etumología), itself from ἔτυμον (étumon), meaning "true sense or sense of a truth", and the suffix -logia, denoting "the study of".
The names of insect families are usually based on the type of wing, -ptera means wing in Greek.
Half Lace, Half Leathery Wing
Aphids are hemipterans
The entire wing looks like lace.
Straight, leathery Wing
Lady Beetle Life Stages
Lady Beetle Emerging:
Scale Wing, Moths and Butterflies
Mosquitoes and Flies