Find the connections between these concepts
A concept map helps us see the connections between words and concepts, you can present a concept map as a web, a tree, in circles, any way you would like. A concept map is a form of creative self expression.
The shoreline of most continents is naturally lined with a network of plants and animals.
We see coral reef and mangroves, coral reef systems are where about 75% of tropical fish begin their lives. Here we find starfish, sea sponges, turtles, a huge variety of sea creatures. Coral are a symbiotic relationship between an type of algae named zooxanthellae and a type of animal, calcite is secreted by the animal to make the coral reef structures that we see, the algae gives coral the color that we see and when there is coral bleaching it means that the symbiote algae has left the coral. Beautiful sites such as coral reefs are valuable for ecotourism and scuba diving. Many coral species glow thanks to green fluorescent protein (GFP), this protein is used as a biomarker in biomedical research.
As the ocean transitions into the land we see mangroves, these trees have large roots that essentially hold the coastline in place, they dig deep into the earth and absorb more carbon dioxide than most trees making them a carbon sink. Mangroves are threatened by deforestation and shrimp farming.
Natural habitats are homes to thousands of creatures and slow down erosion, especially during complex weather patterns that cause storms like El Niño. These trees live in salt water and create a brackish environment where organisms that like semi-salty water can live. Many animals that live in these environments have amazing regenerating abilities, many salamanders live in brackish water. A type of salamander that lives in brackish water but not on the coast is the Axolotl, they are only found in lake Texcoco in Mexico where a saltwater spring makes the water salty. Axolotls have helped us learn more about stem cells because they are able to regenerate any body part, this research has contributed to stem cell therapy for humans.
Shorelines and COasts of the Continents
Coral Reefs live along the edges of continents
So do Mangroves
What is coral?
Coral is a symbiotic relationship between a polyp which is a type of animal and an algae called zooxanthellae. The polyp secretes calcite and builds the coral reef.
Coral Reef Health
In warmer water the zooxanthellae leave the polyp and this causes coral bleaching. Bleached corals are at risk of dying because the algae photosynthesizes and gives the polyp sugars that help it survive.
Coral Restoration Efforts
corals glow using Green Fluorescent Protein
Starfish live in the same area and have been known to REGENERATE parts of their body
This diverse ocean ecosystem neighbors the Mangroves
Mangrove roots are large and prevent erosion
Mangrove ecosystems are destroyed for shrimp farming
Mangrove trees are a powerful carbon sink, they take in large amounts of co2 and hold it in their roots and branches, parts of living matter are called biomass
We call this biosequestration
Biosequestration is the process of capturing and storing carbon in living organisms such as plants and algae
Blue carbon is the term for carbon captured by the world's ocean and coastal ecosystems.
Natural Weather Patterns lead to Land Erosion
Mangroves produce oxygen, reduce carbon dioxide, and reduce erosion
Mangroves are able to live in salt water and secrete salt through their leaves
Saltwater dehydrates most roots through osmosis but mangroves are able to live in it
Specialized glands remove excess salt and create brackish water, semi-salty water, where many creatures can thrive such as frogs and salamanders
Saltwater can travel underground and go to lakes through springs
Axolotls live in Brackish water that is not on the coast
Axolotls are salamanders that are known for tissue regeneration
They Help us develop biomedical advances through stem cell research
Author: Jazmin Gannon
A place to grow