We will learn about DNA and how it makes the components that we covered the week before
Dna: Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ch. 7, pg. 122
We will talk about what DNA is and how carbs, proteins, and fats are coded and then talk about food and nutrients.
DNA: is the molecule of heredity, common to all life forms, that is passed from parents to offspring.
What Ms. Gannon would do in the Gene Lab back in the day,
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In case you want to learn the 20 amino acids, you do not have to do so for this class
Gene: a sequence of DNA that contains the information to make at least one protein
Gene expression: the process of using DNA instructions to make proteins
Phenotype: the physical attributes of an organism including observable and internal, non observable traits
Alleles: alternative versions of the same gene that have different nucleotide sequences
Regulatory sequence: the part of the gene that determines the timing, amount, and location of a protein produced
Coding Sequence: part of a gene that specifies the amino acid sequence of a protein, identity, shape, and function of proteins.
gene transcription and translation
Transcription: the first stage of gene expression, during which cells produce molecules of messenger RNA (mRNA) from the instruction encoded within genes
Translation: the second stage of gene expression. Translation 'reads' mRNA sequences and assembles the corresponding amino acids to make proteins.
RNA Polymerase: the enzyme that accomplishes transcription. RNA polymerase copies a strand of DNA into a complementary strand or RNA,
Ribosome: the cellular machinery that assembles protens during the process of translation.
Codon: a sequence of three mRNA nucleotides that specifies a particular amino acid
Author: Jazmin Gannon
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