We will see why the Earth is warming up
Greenhouse Effect is the normal process by which heat is radiated from the Earth's surface and trapped by gases in the atmosphere, helping to maintain the Earth at a temperature that can support life
Greenhouse gas is any of the gases in the atmosphere that absorb heat radiated from the Earth's surface and contribute to the greenhouse effect, examples may be carbon dioxide and methane
Global Warming is an increase in the Earth's average temperature
The temperature of the planet has gone up in recent times
As concentrations of Carbon Dioxide go up, the temperature goes up:
And so have CONCENTRATIONS of Carbon DIoxide
Increased Gases are connected to rising temperatures
Warmer temperatures are CONNECTED to melting ice caps
As Ice melts, Sea Levels Rise and SHore land is lost
Vostok Ice Core Samples SHow the levels of CO2 over time
Samples are readings of gas bubbles in ice cores
Connection between Carbon Dioxide and Ice Ages
There are areas where so much gas is trapped in the ice, it is flammable
Methane gas is naturally trapped in the ice when plants die and decompose, many microbes eat carbon and make methane gas while some bacteria eat methane, there are also sources of methane gas that are connected to human activity such as cattle raising. Permafrost thaws because of global warming, but without global warming it would stay frozen and keep the gas trapped.
asparagopsis taxiformis: a species of red algae that reduces methane in cow waste
Mangrove trees along the coast reduce erosion
Mangroves are naturally supposed to line the coast in most parts of the world but people have torn them down to build resorts, and for shrimp farming and wood. Letting them exist along the shore would reduce erosion and would also protect coral reef ecosystems.
Mangroves are a carbon sink, they absorb more carbon dioxide than most plants and are part of the solution to our climate crisis. Mangroves release leaves that provide nutrients for microbes and eventually larger sea creatures. They also store a bunch of the carbon dioxide that they absorb in their large roots, this is called carbon sequestration.
Other Technologies that are part of the solution: https://www.almadartebio.org/biology-page/sustainable-energy
Sustainable Food Production: https://www.almadartebio.org/biology-page/future-of-food
Research in ANTARCTICA
Author: Jazmin Gannon
A place to grow