WHat proteins are made through DNA Translation?
How can DNA actually code for a trait?
Translated proteins are encapsulated in vesicles in the endoplasmic reticulum, they are transported out of the cell and into the tissues where they are needed.
Different Amino Acids code for Different Traits
Keratin is in many structures
Hair, Feather, Nails, Hooves, Scales, Feathers... a main amino acid is cysteine which has sulphur, what we smell when hair burns.
Most insects have a protein called chitin
Did dinosaurs adapt and become dinosaurs?
Sea Lion Whiskers are made of keratin, they also have more hemoglobin to go deep sea diving and very flexible bones and cartilage for deep sea pressure.
Proteins that carry and store oxygen
Oxygen transport, in red blood cells, made of four peptide/ amino acid chains, some of the amino acids are Leucine, methionine, lysine, tryptophane, and tyrosine. There are approximately 3 million hemoglobin molecules in just one red blood cell.
Oxygen storage, in muscles and heart muscles, one poly peptide chain 153 amino acids long
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Proteins that Help flying Creatures Glow
Photoproteins help animals glow.
Luciferase photoprotein produced by dinoflagellates, red algae
Proteins that keep fish from freezing
a type of fish that produces Antifreeze proteins (AFPs), these proteins contain 37 amino acids
There are different types of AntiFreeze Proteins and other things that help living beings prevent freezing such as dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) in cyanobacteria.
Glowing Ocean Beings
Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) in sea creatures composed of 238 amino acid residues
Proteins that help birds see magnetic fields
Magnetoreception may be connected to cryptochrome proteins, Cry1, Cry2, Cry4, or magnetite within the animal, Cry1 has 586 amino acids
Proteins that help scavengers eat
Antibodies are glycoproteins belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily, blood proteins.
Digestive Enzymes are Proteins.
Proteins are part of snake venom
Proteins constitute 90-95% of venom's dry weight and they are responsible for almost all of its biological effects.
Male and juvenile female platypi possess spurs on each hind leg that are connected to paired venom glands, platypus venom contains 19 different peptide fractions.
Antibodies are Proteins
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses
Genes are replicated as cells Multiply
Author: Jazmin Gannon
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