GENETIC SEQUENCES IN CHROMOSOMES ARE CALLED GENES
plural noun: genes
A unit of heredity which is transferred from a parent to offspring and determines some characteristic of the offspring.
"proteins are coded directly by genes"
A distinct sequence of nucleotides forming part of a chromosome, the order of which determines the order of monomers in a polypeptide or nucleic acid molecule which a cell (or virus) may synthesize.
Variation of a genetic trait
An allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
An allele that produces its characteristic phenotype only when its paired allele is identical
Sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures
Physical genetic expression
Internal genetic expression
Conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into messenger RNA and then to a protein
CHROMOSOMES GO THROUGH CHANGES TO CREATE A VARIETY OF GAMETES
a Sex cell
occurs between prophase I and metaphase I of meiosis, some genes are swapped to create unique gametes.
Gamete production is meiosis.
A gamete is a mature haploid male or female germ cell which is able to unite with another of the opposite sex in sexual reproduction to form a zygote.
Austrian Monk and botanist, he observed peas to see the traits that were inherited by their offspring.
The Punnett square is a square diagram that is used to predict the genotypes of a particular cross or breeding experiment.
It is named after Reginald C. Punnett.
The diagram is used by biologists to determine the probability of an offspring having a particular genotype.
Guinea Pig Fur Color
More COmplex Genetic COmbination
a breeding experiment between P generation (parental generation) organisms that differ in a single given trait. The P generation organisms are homozygous for the given trait.
A cross between two different lines/genes that differ in two observed traits. According to Mendel's statement, between the alleles of both these loci there is a relationship of completely dominant - recessive traits.
Author: Jazmin Gannon
A place to grow