animals live in communities that coexist with other communities of animals
We have an interdependent system of systems that we call the ecosystem
Each being occupied a trophic level: each of several hierarchical levels in an ecosystem, comprising organisms that share the same function in the food chain and the same nutritional relationship to the primary sources of energy.
Biosphere: the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of the earth (or analogous parts of other planets) occupied by living organisms.
Abiotic Factors: non-living components of a biosphere
Biotic Factors: all living components of a biosphere from single celled beings an onward
Symbiosis: interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both.
Cyanobacteria: phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, and are the only photosynthetic prokaryotes able to produce oxygen.
Cryptobiotic (biological) soil crust: a living groundcover that forms the foundation of desert plant life.
Nitrogen fixation is a process by which nitrogen in the Earth's atmosphere is converted into ammonia (NH3) or other molecules available to living organisms.
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria: are microorganisms present in the soil or in plant roots that change nitrogen gases from the atmosphere into solid nitrogen compounds that plants can use in the soil.
Nitrogen fixing bacteria: contain symbiotic bacteria called rhizobia within nodules in their root systems, producing nitrogen compounds that help the plant to grow and compete with other plants. When the plant dies, the fixed nitrogen is released, making it available to other plants; this helps to fertilize the soil.
Stomatolites: or stromatoliths, fossils, are layered mounds, columns, and sheet-like sedimentary rocks that were originally formed by the growth of layer upon layer of cyanobacteria, a single-celled photosynthesizing microbe.
Animals have learned how to photosynthesize by absorbing genes from photosynthesis species.
animals work in teams where all have equal access to resources even though they have different functions, any time they have access to different, or more energy costing resources, the extra energy is used for the benefit of the entire group
Modular communications: ant communication is to a large extent chemical, we investigated the pheromone functions involved in foraging and alarm behaviour
Group think: the practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a way that discourages creativity or individual responsibility.
humans strive for a world that is beyond insect politics
equality in human systems
schools are a place for democracy and customer service, schools are responsible for providing ways to involve parents and community members. decisions may be made DEMOCRATICALLY.
1. States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child, the views of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child.
2. For this purpose, the child shall in particular be provided the opportunity to be heard in any judicial and administrative proceedings affecting the child, either directly, or through a representative or an appropriate body, in a manner consistent with the procedural rules of national law
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Symbiosis: A close, interdependent relationship between different species
Symbiosis: Mutualism, Commensalism, and Parasitism
Parasitism: benefits one species while the other is harmed: ticks, parasitic fish lice
Mutualism: symbiosis that is beneficial to both organisms involved: cleaner fish that help bigger fish get rid of parasitic fish lice, birds that eat fleas off a cow
Commensalism: benefits one organism but the other one is neither harmed not helped: Remora fish that hitch a ride on turtles or sharks
examples of beings working together